– 5 class Ceres light cruisers (1917): Very close to the first, they were partially rebuilt as anti-aircraft cruisers. B a t t l e H … Project history: Occurrence of Colony class became one of consequences of London conference in 1936, limited displacement of newly designed cruisers by 8000t. [15], On 30 May 1941, in a letter to the First Sea Lord, Sir Dudley Pound, Cunningham wrote, "The sending back of Gloucester and Fiji to Greyhound was another grave error and cost us those two ships. She was initially assigned to the Home Fleet. The two destroyers having already been ordered to rescue the survivors of the destroyer Greyhound, which had been sunk at 13:50. The 62 ft beam imposing crippling limits. The survivors continued in service after the war, taking part in further actions, such as the Korean War. They served with distinction during the Second World War. The Germans spotted Force B shortly after dawn on 22 May as the cruisers were steaming south to rendezvous with the battleships again. Innovative spaces like the indoor Lawn Club and AquaSpa service are unique to Celebrity Cruises’ South Pacific ships. chippy. Despite this damage Fiji was able to maintain a speed of 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph) until another Bf 109 hit her with another bomb that increased her list to 30 degrees. Abandon ship was ordered in the face of the uncontrollable flooding and she capsized around 19:30. 2 of them were lost. Please improve this article by adding a reference. A group for cruisers & sailors who have, are, or would like to be cruising Fiji waters. Even more ironically, four other cruisers generally regarded as "superior" to the Didos in the AA department, were lost to aerial attack (bombs, not torpedoes). At 14:13 King and Rawlings exchanged messages about the shortage of ammunition within both Force C and Force A1, with Rawlings expressing concern about the orders given to Gloucester and Fiji. The 6 inch Mk XXIII turrets and ammunition spaces were laid out as per the Edinburgh group of the Town class, except the after turrets were a deck lower as in the Southampton and Gloucester groups. It was introduced in Update 1.97 "Viking Fury". Force B, Fiji and the light cruiser Gloucester were tasked to patrol west of the island. Bermuda, Jamaica and Mauritius had 2 additional quadruple pom-poms added (for a total of five) and between 2 and 4 single pom-poms in powered mountings Mark XV. Scale 1:96. Full wartime service history on this vessel. The Fiji-class cruisers however, like the following Minotaurs, essentially fit the same armament on a 1,000 ton less displacement and the Fiji-class and the follow on Swiftsure were very tight designs, built largely in war emergency conditions with little margin for any great updating postwar. The Fiji class were a direct response to the Second London Naval Treaty of 1937, which mandated a displacement limit for cruisers of 8000 tons. They also carried two above-water triple torpedo tube mounts for 21-inch (533 mm) torpedoes, one mount on each broadside. During the 1950s the larger Towns were usually regarded as more habitable and comfortable in patrolling in the tropics and far east, though they were being retired by and then sold for scrap by 1960, except for Sheffield (being retired from sea-going service in 1958 and maintained as a reserve headquarters ship) and Belfast which stayed in active seaworthy service until 1963. The Crown Colonys were instantly recognisable as they had a transom stern and straight funnels and masts; those of the Towns being raked. The Crown Colony Class Cruisers. The supply of ammunition to the 4-inch (102 mm) guns was also improved, dispensing with the complicated conveyor system. This article does not contain any citations or references. Fiji Class Cruisers Class Overview . Fiji holidays are best enjoyed at sea. Fiji (58) … She missed the homeward-bound heavy cruiser Admiral Scheer on 26–27 March, and in early April she was reassigned to Force H at Gibraltar to blockade the German heavy ships then stationed at Brest. With Force H, she sailed into the Mediterranean to support operations to relieve the island of Malta in late April. Ceylon was later sold to Peru, being renamed Coronel Bolognesi, along with Newfoundland, which was renamed Almirante Grau. These Omissions enabled the forward and after superstructure to be redesigned, English: The British Crown Colony class light cruisers of World War II. FIJI or Colony-Class cruiser ordered from John Brown of Clydebank en 20th December 1937 in the 1937 Build Programme. As the more senior admiral, King took command, with air attacks now inflicting damage on both forces. [11][12], At 12:25 Force A1, stationed 20 to 30 miles west of Antikythera, received a request from Rear Admiral Edward Leigh Stuart King to support the damaged HMS Naiad and the rest of his Force C. Force A1 headed east into the Kythera Channel, rendezvousing with Force C between 13:30 and 14:00. Builder. chippy. They were built to the limitations that the Second London Naval Treaty imposed on cruisers, which lowered the Washington limit of 10,000 tons to 8,000 tons, and were at least in external appearance smaller derivatives of the Town-class cruiser. Writing in despatches after the battle, Cunningham stated that King was unaware of the shortage of anti-aircraft ammunition in Fiji and Gloucester. For information about how to add references, see, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, 21 in (533 mm) tubes for torpedoes Mark IX, Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy, Gunnery Layout of "Mauritius" Class Cruiser. The forward boiler and engine rooms flooded and gave her a severe list. Laid down in 1941-42, the three cruisers of the Tiger class were originally to have been sister ships to Superb, an improved variant of the Swiftsure class cruisers (also known as the Minotaur class), a modified version of the Crown Colony class cruisers, but their construction was slowed down.Finally, the ships were launched … Bermuda - Took part in Operation Torch, the landings in North Africa, during WWII, as well as other operations. By the end of the war, Newfoundland had one and Uganda had 2 American pattern quadruple 40 mm /60 Bofors mounts Mark III and Nigeria had 4 single mounts Mark III. Both groups used the Admiralty Fire Control Table for surface fire control of the main armament and the Admiralty Fire Control Clock for surface fire control of the secondary armament. Operating with Mediterranean Fleet against sea-borne invasion of Crete. Completed in mid-1940, she was initially assigned to the Home Fleet and was detached to escort a force tasked to force French West Africa to join the Free French. The first eight are number from Gunnery Pocket Book 1945, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Crown_Colony-class_cruiser?oldid=4423107, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, 10,100 nm (18,700 km) at 12 knots (22 km/h), 9 x BL 6 in (152 mm) Mark XXIII guns in 3 triple mountings Mark XXI, 8 x QF 4 in (102 mm) Mark XVI guns in 4 twin mountings Mark XIX, 12 x QF 2 pdr (40 mm) Mark VIII in 3 quad mountings Mark VII, 2 x triple 21 in (533 mm) tubes for torpedoes Mark IX. Nigeria was also sold, to India being renamed INS Mysore. HMS Fiji was the lead ship of the Fiji-class light cruisers built for the Royal Navy shortly before the Second World War. Completed in mid-1940, she was initially assigned to the Home Fleet and was detached to escort a force tasked to force French West Africa to join the Free French. She has been the only ship of the Royal Navy to bear the name. After the Germans invaded Crete a few weeks later, she was sunk by German aircraft on 22 May after having fired off all of her anti-aircraft ammunition. 576. Design of Southampton class was revised under these requirements and result was more compact Fiji in which length of hull was by more than 10m shortened at the … There were many armament changes made to the Fiji class during the war including the addition of 20mm AA guns. The Crown Colony - class cruisers were a class of light cruisers of the Royal Navy named after Crown Colonies of the British Empire. Jamaica took part in a number of operations, including driving off the heavy cruisers Hipper and Lützow in 1942, the sinking of the Scharnhorst in 1943, and escorting carrier air attacks on the Tirpitz in 1944. They included the Fiji and Ceylon sub-classes. These were the Town-class Gloucester and Southampton, and the Colony-class Fiji and Trinidad. on faces, and 50 mm (2-in.) The turbines developed a total of 80,000 shaft horsepower (60,000 kW) and gave a maximum speed of 32.25 knots (59.73 km/h; 37.11 mph). Fiji was then assigned to Force H where she helped to escort convoys t… [1] The ships' complement was 733 officers and ratings in peacetime and 900 during war. Date made: April 1937 She closed on Gloucester at 15:50, right when that ship was struck by four bombs and was near-missed by three others. Britains initial reply was the eight ships of the Southampton Class, carrying twelve 6-inch in triple turrets. HMS Fiji was the lead ship of the Fiji-class light cruisers built for the Royal Navy shortly before the Second World War. The sides of their boiler and engine rooms and the magazines were protected by 3.25–3.5 inches (83–89 mm) of armour. The first eight are number 48, later C48 was a Fiji - class light cruiser of the Royal Navy She was in the service of the Royal New Zealand Navy RNZN as HMNZS Gambia from 1943 The Royal New … – 5 Carlisle class light cruisers (1918-19): Same remark as above. Date made: April 1937 HMS Newfoundland (59) HMS Nigeria (60) HMS Trinidad (46) Lost on 15 May 1942. Fiji Class Light Cruiser. Leave the tourist trail behind and experience the ‘real Fiji’ on a Captain Cook Cruises adventure and discovery small ship cruise. Fiji and Kenya never received the catapult, Nigeria had hers removed in 1941 and the other ships had theirs removed between 1942 and 1944. The flooding gave her a list to port; to counter it the ammunition from the forward turrets was thrown overboard and the portside torpedoes were ejected over the side. Launched. That honour went to Blake, a modified Tiger-class cruiser, which was decommissioned in 1980: the last classic WW2 cruiser design to serve in the Royal Navy. For information about how to add references, see Template:Citation. [2] She was the first of the Fiji class to enter service (Royal Navy classes were generally named after the lead ship of a class). You can order records in advance to be ready for you when you visit Kew. The first eight are known as the Fiji class, while the last three to be built are commonly referred to as the Ceylon class and were built to a slightly modified design. HMS Uganda (66) ( To the Royal Canadian Navy as HMCS Uganda) 11 Light cruisers of the Fiji class . The ship was transferred to the Mediterranean Fleet in early May 1941. Their secondary armament consisted of eight 4-inch (102 mm) Mk XVI dual-purpose guns in four twin turrets. A plan showing the profile, decks and sections of a Fiji class light cruiser, illustrating the layout of the armour. There is a tear in the top left corner of the plan. By the late 1930s the American and Japanese were bringing into service large 6-inch cruisers carrying fifteen guns in triple turrets. Sailing & Cruising in Fiji has 2,037 members. Ajax, Orion and Dido were ordered to return to Alexandria with Glennie's Force D to rearm but Gloucester and Fiji remained with Rawlings' Force A1. Members can share info about their experiences cruising Fiji. Not only did this provide additional accommodation spaces for enlarged wartime crews, but there was no longer the need to carry large quantities of volatile aviation fuel; in 1940, Liverpool had her bows blown off when a torpedo detonated the 5,700 gallons of aviation fuel stored forwards and was out of action for a year. HMS Fiji was a Crown Colony-class light cruiser of the Royal Navy, named after the Pacific island group; the Crown colony of Fiji. Language; Watch; Edit; This category is located at Category:Crown Colony-class cruisers of the Royal Navy. [2], The Fiji class lacked a full waterline armour belt. The ships were powered by four Parsons geared steam turbines, each driving one shaft, using steam provided by four Admiralty 3-drum boilers. These ships fought on and shot down one attacker and severely damaged two others. [10], Force B made the rendezvous with Force A1 (Rear Admiral H B Rawlings) and Force D (Rear Admiral Irvine Glennie) at about 08:30 and the combined force was ordered to report on their levels of high-angle anti-aircraft ammunition. The ship was torpedoed en route and required six months to be repaired. Whether you take the courses in a classroom or online, there are a variety of specialized study areas.Studies in English focus on the skills needed for improved speaking proficiency and reading comprehension. “ We recently used Epic Transfer and Tours Fiji to transfer us from Nadi to Denerau and back again, they are professional, efficient and super easy to deal with, really fast communication! Lieutenant Commander R Langmaid RN, Official Fleet Artist, "Cunningham, A. That afternoon, Cunningham ordered the cruisers to disperse into their original groups and search for any troop convoys in the Aegean. A plan showing the body, sheer lines and longitudinal half-breadth of the Fiji class light cruisers. Due to the size of the Crown Colony class, a number of the ships had their 'X' turret removed to allow the shipping of additional light anti-aircraft guns. Scale 1:192. 1. Another Fiji cruise port of call is Lautoka, which is located on the other side of Fiji’s main island near Nadi. B., The Battle of Crete, Despatch to the Lord Commissioners of the Admiralty, 4 August 1941", Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy, The True Experiences of Mr Leonard Charles, a crewman aboard the ship, Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in May 1941, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=HMS_Fiji_(58)&oldid=1000089794, Crown Colony-class cruisers of the Royal Navy, World War II cruisers of the United Kingdom, World War II shipwrecks in the Mediterranean Sea, Ships sunk by aircraft during the Battle of Crete, Pages containing London Gazette template with parameter supp set to y, Mediterranean articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 14:41. The Ceylon group were completed without 'X' 6 inch turret, and between 1944 and 1945, those of Bermuda, Jamaica, Mauritius and Kenya were also removed. 166–167; Raven, p. 105. This allowed the carriage of additional light A/A weapons, a quadruple QF 2 pdr pom-pom mounting Mark VII generally being carried in 'X' position. In some respects they … The title of the plan describes it before being named as the Fiji class. "[16], Following the loss of both Fiji and Gloucester to air attacks after their anti-aircraft ammunition was exhausted, all British cruisers were instructed to not allow their anti-aircraft ammunition reserves to fall below 40%. She was decommissioned by 1984 and then scrapped in 1985, and as such she was the longest lived (41 years) member of her class. The Germans began landing paratroopers on 20 May when Force B was en route to rendezvous with the battleships Warspite and Valiant and their escorts west of Crete. Fiji was then assigned to Force H where she helped to escort convoys to Malta. The armour scheme was revised from that of the Towns in that the main belt now protected the 6 inch ammunition spaces, although the belt itself was reduced to 3.5 inches and 3.25 inches in the machinery spaces. This cannot be said of the last Colony class cruisers, which were seriously deteriorating due to being in an unmaintained extended reserve status many years before the last ship; HMS Gambia, was sold for scrap in 1968. [9], British intelligence anticipated that the Germans would attack the island of Crete on 17 May and Admiral Andrew Cunningham, commander of the Mediterranean Fleet, ordered his ships to sea on the 15th. on sides, back, and roofs was also better than on other cruisers with similar displacement (1.25-inch on German cruisers, 1-in, on the British ones, 2-in on Town or Fiji classes, and 3 to 5-in on Brooklyn class). [8] On 5 May Force H departed Gibraltar to escort a heavily-laden convoy bound for Egypt (Operation Tiger); Force H only escorted the convoy halfway through the Mediterranean before the Mediterranean Fleet took over. This allowed for more liveable peacetime conditions by operating with a crew of 610-750 rather than the wartime crew 1,000-1,100. Following this communication, King issued an order to recall both Gloucester and Fiji at 14:57. Generally, 6 to 24 20 mm Oerlikon guns were also added in a mixture of single mounts Mark IIIA and twin powered mounts Mark V. Postwar modifications of the class were very limited with improved lock and follow surface fire control and Newfoundland, Ceylon, Bermuda, Gambia and possibly Kenya being fitted with US supplied Mk 63 radar to control the twin 4 inch guns. Armour protection was greatly increased with a 3 to 4-inch belt. In triple turrets Official Fleet Artist, `` Cunningham, Section 1, paragraph 8, and replaced... 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In advance to be cruising Fiji, taking part in further actions, such as lagoon! Shortage of anti-aircraft ammunition in Fiji and Trinidad designed from the first with no provision for ' X turret... `` Viking Fury '' Almirante Grau – 3 class Caledon ( 1916-17 ) cruisers. During WWII, as well as other operations and ceylon and Newfoundland sold to Peru a year earlier '. Fleet against sea-borne invasion of Crete four twin turrets stern fiji class cruisers straight funnels and masts ; those of crew! March 1941 and was near-missed by three others records in advance to be repaired the!
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