Émile Durkheim, one of the founding thinkers of sociology, was born in France on April 15, 1858. Last Updated: Jan 14, 2021 See Article History Émile Durkheim, (born April 15, 1858, Épinal, France—died November 15, 1917, Paris), French social scientist who developed a vigorous methodology combining empirical research with sociological theory. Durkheim argues the education system provides what he terms secondary socialisation as opposed to the primary socialisation which is delivered by the family. His contribution is vital to the study of sociology of education as they make the principle foundation of sociology of education. Log in here. Now, for the first time, Durkheim's own contributions to L'Annee are available in English. Emile Durkheim (1858-1917): Prof. Durkheim, the French thinker, like Spencer, considered societies as such to be important units of sociological analysis. His family was devoutly Jewish, and his father, grandfather, and great grandfather were all rabbis. Cole, Nicki Lisa, Ph.D. (2020, August 27). Durkheim, however, broke with tradition and went to the École normale supérieure in 1879, where he studied philosophy. David Émile Durkheim was born in April 1858 in Épinal, located in the Lorraine region of France. Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) was a French sociologist and philosopher. “Comparative Sociology is not a particular branch of sociology; it is sociology itself,” he maintained. He receives much acclaimed credit for realizing the goal of making sociology a science. “Consumerism, Conformity, and Uncritical Thinking in America.” Harvard Library Office for Scholarly Communication, 2000. He is said to be the founding father of the functionalist theory. Emile Durkheim was a well-known sociologist famous for his views on the structure of society. A central contribution by Max Weber is his theory that Protestant nations tend to thrive as capitalist economies. He is considered the father of social science. Who was Émile Durkheim? It is this glue—common institutions, cultural norms, shared experiences and perspectives—that makes a society work and which allows people to come together to work for the common good. Who are the experts?Our certified Educators are real professors, teachers, and scholars who use their academic expertise to tackle your toughest questions. For fifteen years, Emile Durkheim worked on the journal L'Annee Sociologique--selecting, editing, writing, shaping the goals and methods of the "French School" of sociology. But he went far ahead of Comte to establish sociology as an empirical science. Cole, Nicki Lisa, Ph.D. "How Emile Durkheim Made His Mark on Sociology." 1, pp. Max Weber is important for two major contributions to sociology.  First, he is the author of The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism.  This is one of the most important books in the history of sociology.  In that book, Weber tried to understand why some countries were more able than others to build strong, capitalist economies.  He theorized that religion was the key to this issue.  He argued that Protestantism was more compatible with capitalism and economic growth than other religions.  Scholars today do not necessarily agree with Weber, but his thesis was extremely important in sociology for a long time.  The idea that cultural aspects of a society can affect its economy remains important today.  Weber’s second contribution is that his ideas have given rise symbolic interactionism, one of the three main sociological perspectives that exist today.  Interactionism argues that society is created by the interactions between people in the society.  It further argues that these interactions are determined by the meanings that people give to events and aspects of society.  This perspective comes from Weber’s idea that society could only be studied by looking at the way its members understood it. 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